What Causes Dry Skin & How Can You Bring Back Its Moisture?

What Causes Dry Skin?

While oily skin is difficult to manage, dry skin is a cause of many skin related problems and diseases.

The short-term consequences include problems like Rosacea, acne, and itchy skin. In long-term, the skin loses its moisture and shrinks at an early age, causing wrinkles, crowfeet and fine lines.

The Moisture Content in Normal Skin

Normal skin is soft and composed. Dry skin peels easily. The normal skin has at least 10% moisture or water. It is required to keep the cells packed and make the skin look softer, shinier, and smooth. Moisture is also required for uninterrupted transportation of nutrients in the skin, cleansing the toxins, and skin protection against harmful rays. Ideally, the upper layer of skin should have 25–35% of moisture/water content.

What is Sebum?

The sebaceous glands release an oily solution called sebum. It is required to retain water in the cells. A complex mixture of waxes, natural chemicals, sugars, and carbohydrates, it reduces water evaporation from the skin. However, the bacterial action on sebum breaks down the components and makes it smelly.

  • If weather and environmental factors increase water evaporation from the skin, the sebaceous glands may not produce enough sebum to retain water. This may lead to cracks in the skin.

  • Sebum production increases when people do not drink enough water. This natural process stimulates to retain the water present in the cells. However, P. bacterium grows on the moist skin. Too much sebum production may lead to oily skin, providing an environment for the P. bacterium. These bacteria colonies cause skin problems like clogged pores, irritation, redness, acne, and psoriasis.

Sweat is composed of toxins, waste products, salts, and water, whereas sebum is protective oil. The best way to control sebum production and retain water in the skin is to drink at least three liters of water a day.

Symptoms of Dry Skin
  • Itching

  • Scaling

  • Redness

  • Flaking

  • Patching

Causes of Dry Skin

A number of reasons may cause dry skin. Sometimes, even the oily skin may become dry. Some of the causes include the following.

Sun Exposure: The ultraviolet rays of sun penetrate into deeper layers of the skin. Sun exposure evaporates the water of skin and leads to dry skin. The deepest layers of skin suffer maximum damage due to sunrays.

Extreme Temperature: Using very cold or hot water, bathing with or swimming in very cold or hot water, laser treatments, exposure to fireplaces, air conditioner on very low temperature, and any other kind of exposure to extreme temperature may cause skin shrinking and loss of moisture from the skin.

Use of Harsh Chemicals: Skin bleaching agents, exposure to phthalates, and other harmful chemicals may also cause skin dehydration and dryness.

Non-breathable Clothes: The air can easily pass through natural fiber clothes and keep your skin oxygenated and moisturized. In contrast, the non-breathable clothes not only cause skin irritation and direct exposure to bacteria but they also cause skin dehydration.

Hot Drinks: The effect of hot drinks for skin dehydration is conflicted. However, a scientifically proven fact is that many ingredients in hot drinks like caffeine increase the activity of kidneys, which leads to increased urination. This leads to loss of moisture from the body. Hot drinks also increase sodium absorption, and may make you tired and exhausted after some time.

Menthol, Camphor, Phenol, and Lead: Lip balms, chap sticks, lipsticks, and other skin care products contain ingredients like Menthol, Camphor, and Lead. These ingredients dry out the skin. Phenol is often used in hand sanitizers, body lotions, and body baths. Fragranced soap bombs, shampoos, and other cosmetics also contain these harsh chemicals.

Smoking: Smoking has been closely associated with poor oxygen supply. Oxygen is required to retain water in the skin.

Medicines: Some medicines like anti-allergic pills, antibiotic treatments, antihistamines, and chemo drugs do not trigger dry skin but these medicines may aggravate the existing dry skin. Proper dermatological assessment is necessary before initiating the treatments related to these medicines.

Cleansing Wipes: It could be surprising for some people. Cleansing wipes may contain harsh chemicals, antibacterial ingredients, and alcohol. These ingredients may suck out the moisture of skin along with the toxins. Simple tissues are better than the cleansing wipes.

Aging: The strength of skin to retain water reduces with age.

How to Bring Back the Moisture of Skin

The first and most important step is to avoid all the causes of skin dehydration. Drink adequate water to avoid excessive sebum production. If you need to initiate a medical treatment then make sure to discuss it with a doctor. Avoid smoking and heavy chemicals.

The use of moisturizing creams is important. These creams are made with lipids, proteins, and water. The moisturizing creams supply the essential hydrating ingredients to the skin and improve its water retention.

However, too much moisturizing can also lead to dry skin. Transepidermal water loss is the measurement of loss of water. The dryness of skin is proportional to the amount of Transepidermal water loss. The excessive use of moisturizing creams makes the skin dependant on the creams. It reduces the skin’s natural ability to retain water, hence leading to increased transepidermal water loss.

The Right Way to Hydrate Your Skin

The best way to hydrate your skin and make it smooth and soft is to drink adequate water and use a moisturizing cream. The cream you use should supply essential nutrients along with increasing the skin’s natural ability to retain water. Priyana Damage Control is an enriching and moisturizing cream that contains the essential ingredients, Vitamin C, Hyaluronic Acid, Vitamin B-complex, and more. You can also use Priyana HylaSilk to improve collagen production, natural tissue filling, and improving water retention in the skin.

Fruits rich in antioxidants, Vitamin C drinks, and proper skin care from the sunrays is also important. Priyana Damage Control helps treat the damages caused by the sun, if applied once before going to the bed and once during the daytime. Proper cleansing of the skin also regulates sebum production.

By using these tips and avoiding the causes of dry skin, you can improve the health of your skin visibly, and within days.



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